45V Production Tax Credit
Part of the US Inflation Reduction Act is provision for what is called the 45V Hydrogen Production Tax Credit. The US Department of the Treasury is now being asked to write guidance on how the tax credits will be implemented. three rules have been proposed which are sometimes referred to as “Three Pillars” consisting of "Hourly Matching", "Deliverability" and "Additionally".
The attached White Paper shows why "Hourly Matching" is completely unnecessary to demonstrate compliance with the 45V requirements to track renewable energy to qualify for the tax credit. The White Paper provides a superior way to meet all "Three Pillars" without making the 45V tax credit out of reach for most hydrogen businesses. Download A Better Alternative to Hourly Matching. pdf.
In the Media
Hydrogen-powered vehicles must be part of Colorado’s plan to get to zero emissions. FCEVs make for excellent passenger vehicles because they can travel 300-400 miles on a single tank, behaving similarly to gasoline-powered cars except with zero emissions – a key selling point when it comes to enticing all users to convert to electric. Plus with FCEVs, drivers don’t have to worry about diminished performance in cold weather, which is a fact of life in Colorado.
There’s more than one way to power an electric vehicle – Hydrogen. two options for zero-emission vehicles have emerged as commercially viable to meet consumers’ needs: battery electric vehicles and fuel cell electric vehicles. It will take both batteries and fuel cells together to decarbonize emissions across the transportation sector, especially the 57% of greenhouse gas emissions from light-duty vehicles — the passenger cars we all drive.
Tech Brief - Understanding EV's
This tech brief provides a tutorial on Battery EV's Fuel Cell EV's and the differences, which highlights the use-cases for both vehicle types.
Tech Brief - Transporting Hydrogen
This tech brief provides an overview of new, alternative modes of storing and transporting hydrogen including Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carriers and Metal Hydrides.
Tech Brief - Sources of Hydrogen
This tech brief provides an overview of new, alternative sources of hydrogen including Geological Hydrogen Wells and extracting zero-carbon hydrogen from old petroleum wells.
Tech Brief - Environmental Benefits of Hydrogen
This tech brief answers common criticisms of hydrogen's role in the environmental movement to stop climate change, and shows how hydrogen is a critically needed component to support renewable electricity as a replacement for fossil fuels in all use cases.
Zero-carbon, renewable hydrogen from geologic wells. This paper by Viacheslav ("Slava") Zgonnik PhD explains the process. Slava is the CEO of Natural Hydrogen Energy, LLC which has offices in Denver and Paris. Copy courtesy of the author.
Colors of Hydrogen. This is a figure which shows that only four colors are needed to describe whether a source of hydrogen emits carbon or not, or is from a renewable source or not. These are the only criteria that are needed to determine the environmental impact of a hydrogen source.
The directory is a password protected Excel file listing of our contacts who agreed to have their name, e-mail, title and company listed. Contact email@example.com to be listed and obtain access (or if you have misplaced the password).
Note that these Bylaws refer to the Colorado Revised Statutes, Title 7, Articles 121 to 137. A copy can be found here.
Articles of Incorporation
Filed with the Colorado Secretary of State, 12/25/19
California Low-Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS)
The LCFS applies to fuels used for transportation. The goal of the program is to reduce the carbon intensity (CI) of transportation fuel by the use of credits. Fuels with a CI below a certain level generate credits, and fuels with a CI above that level consume credits. See this guide for more detail. Also see the California LCFS website.
Description of a Fuel Cell EV
The attached link will take you to a document which describes the Toyota Mirai in detail. This will give you a good overview of the anatomy of a Fuel Cell EV
Fundamentals of Hydrogen and Fuel Cells
If you would like to learn more about how hydrogen is created from renewable electricity, about the two different types of Electric Vehicles (EV's) and their characteristics, then click on the document link to the left. This gives an overview of using renewable energy for transportation.
IE4Tech 2019 Fuel Cell Industry Review